Stocks Rise as Firms Reveal Quarterly Earnings: Live Updates

Here’s what you need to know:

Credit…Eugene Hoshiko/Associated Press

Stocks started the week on a positive note, as investors looked ahead to corporate earnings reports for the latest clues on how businesses are coping through the pandemic.

European markets were about 1 percent higher in midmorning trading, following an Asian trading session where indexes finished were broadly higher. Wall Street futures were pointing to a upswing when trading begins in New York.

In other markets, oil futures were lower, beginning a week when major producers are meeting to consider market trends; OPEC+, the group that includes Saudi Arabia and Russia, is likely to increase their output in August, as coronavirus lockdowns ease and demand begins to rise again.

U.S. Treasuries were higher, and gold gained about 0.6 percent.

Major banks in the United States will begin reporting their second quarter earnings this week, with JPMorgan, Citigroup and Wells Fargo kicking it off on Monday. A range of other companies will also report later in the week, including Netflix and Delta Air Lines. Many companies, rocked by uncertainties caused by the spread of the coronavirus, have stopped giving guidance on profit projections through the year, so traders will be looking especially closely at the quarterly numbers.

In many parts of the world the spread of the virus is unrelenting. Florida on Sunday reported the highest single-day total of new coronavirus cases by any state since the start of the pandemic, with more than 15,000 infections. The economic crisis is prompting a growing coalition in the United States — including Democrats and Republicans, labor and business — to push for a new training effort to upgrade the skills of American workers, creating what one proponent called “a Marshall Plan for ourselves.”

Nearly every major Asian market closed higher Monday. Japan’s Nikkei finished the day 2.2 percent higher, the Shanghai Composite gained 1.8 percent and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng was 0.2 percent higher at the close of trading.

Credit…Jonah Kessel/The New York Times

The plunge in oil prices caused by the coronavirus pandemic is forcing American oil and gas companies into bankruptcy. That is bad news for the environment — and for employees of those companies who were injured on the job.

Some companies are claiming in court filings that they are so broke they can no longer afford to clean up the environmental messes they caused while in operation: methane leaks, oil spills and other chemical contaminations. At least one bankrupt firm, Chesapeake Energy, also said it could no longer pay to engage in a lawsuit brought by injured employees.

Only one group has remained protected: the exiting chief executives. Impending financial ruin did not stop the companies from paying their top executives millions of dollars during their final days. — Hiroko Tabuchi

Credit…Brian Britigan

Now that Independence Day is behind us, tax day is fast approaching.

Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the Treasury Department postponed the traditional April 15 federal tax filing deadline until July 15. And this time, there’s no wiggle room. Last month, the Internal Revenue Service announced that there would not be another blanket filing delay.

So if you haven’t filed your return yet — or if you’ve filed but haven’t yet paid the taxes you owe for 2019 — the deadline is Wednesday.

“It’s just like April 15, but in July,” said Cindy Hockenberry, director of tax research and government relations for the National Association of Tax Professionals, a trade group.

About 142 million taxpayers had filed returns as of July 3, according to I.R.S. statistics, but the agency has struggled to process returns because of reduced staffing during the pandemic. The agency had processed about 131 million returns as of July 3 — 10 percent fewer than the same time last year.

And some taxpayers are facing long delays in getting the refunds they’re owed, according to a report from Erin Collins, the new national taxpayer advocate, who represents filers. — Ann Carrns

Credit…Chang W. Lee/The New York Times

Economists, business leaders and labor experts have warned for years that a coming wave of automation and digital technology would upend the work force, destroying some jobs while altering how and where work is done for nearly everyone.

In the past four months, the coronavirus pandemic has transformed some of those predictions into reality. By May, half of Americans were working from home, tethered to their employers via laptops and Wi-Fi, up from 15 percent pre-pandemic, according to a recent study.

The rapid change is leading to mounting demands for training programs for millions of workers. On their own, some of the proposals are modest. But combined they could cost tens of billions of dollars, in what would be one of the most ambitious retraining efforts in generations.

A group of mainly corporate executives and educators advising the Trump administration on work force policy called for “immediate and unprecedented investments in American workers,” both for training and help in finding jobs. And even before the pandemic, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. had proposed investing $50 billion in work force training.

In Congress, there is bipartisan support for giving jobless workers a $4,000 training credit.

“This is the moment when we should make a significant public investment,” said David Autor, a labor economist at M.I.T., “when we should have a Marshall Plan for ourselves.” — Steve Lohr

Credit…Alexey Malgavko/Reuters

After agreeing this spring to drastically cut back on oil production to keep prices stable in the face of widespread lockdowns imposed to contain the coronavirus pandemic, the world’s major oil producers, including Saudi Arabia and Russia, are considering reversing some of the cuts.

Representatives for the oil-exporting countries will meet to discuss the plan on Wednesday. Their decision is being complicated by the surge in cases of the Covid-19 virus in the United States and Brazil. Even if they do loosen up production somewhat in August, the new output will be far lower than it was before the coronavirus crisis struck. In April, the producers agreed to cut production by 9.7 million barrels a day, a level that was set to last to the end of July. The new output level will still represent a reduction of 7.7 million barrels a day. — Stanley Reed

Credit…Pawel Litwinski/Bonhams

Just about every area of personal finance has been affected by the coronavirus pandemic. That economic shock reaches all the way to some of the most aspirational purchases on the planet: art, cars, watches and wine.

The mechanism to buy and sell many of these objects — frothy, in-person auctions, with attendees dressed smartly and cocktails readily available — has been rendered untenable since March because of social-distancing measures meant to stop the spread of the virus.

But the desire remains, with sellers looking to shed valuable items to shore up their own balance sheets, and buyers who have reserves looking to collect on the cheap. To meet that demand, the rarefied world of the auction house has been forced online.

The electricity you feel in a room, as the bidding heats up and prices soar, is gone. But auction houses are working to make sure selling their high-ticket objects doesn’t devolve into an eBay frenzy, where wealthy buyers are sitting around in their pajamas stalking deals on their laptops.

To counteract that down-market feel, auction houses have become creative. — Paul Sullivan

Credit…Robert Neubecker

If you have a mortgage and can’t afford to pay it because of fallout from the coronavirus, you may be able to push off your payments for several months, or even into next year. But if you’re struggling to pay your rent, your options are probably much more limited.

Local, state and federal governments have laid out a patchwork of programs to pause certain eviction proceedings, but some of those have already expired — and one eviction protection component set out in the CARES Act is scheduled to expire by July 25.

If you’re having trouble paying your rent, your situation might feel hopeless. It may not be — and experts have these suggestions for what to know and what to do.

Act First If you’ve lost your job or part of your income, your instinct may be to avoid your landlord. But it’s probably better to make contact and explain what’s going on.

Don’t Just Leave In most areas, you don’t have to move until there has been some sort of legal finding against you and an officer of the law arrives to carry out any order of eviction.

Get Legal Help Contacting your local Legal Aid office is a good start.

Consider the Landlord They have to pay utilities, taxes, maintenance and insurance, too.

Review the Rules Depending where you live and the details of the mortgage for the property you occupy, you might be protected from eviction. — Ron Lieber

  • REI, the outdoor equipment chain, confirmed on Friday that it would lay off 400 retail employees by Wednesday as the industry continues to struggle through the pandemic. The company’s cuts follow the elimination of 25 percent, or 300 employees, at its headquarters in Kent, Wash., in April.

  • Three Democratic lawmakers from Massachusetts asked Brooks Brothers on Friday to offer severance and health care benefits to more than 400 workers at the retailer’s factory in Haverhill, Mass., after it closes on July 20. The lawmakers — Representative Lori Trahan and Senators Elizabeth Warren and Edward J. Markey — said in a letter that although they recognized the closure was “due to financial challenges exacerbated by Covid-19, it would be an extraordinary betrayal of the company’s loyal employees to deny any severance or extension of health care coverage.” Some worked at the factory for decades and recently sewed face masks.

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